Definition: Authorization is clearing a person to access a system or information within a system.

What This Means: Once a user has been authenticated, then a software application must determine what level of access that person has. Access can be to everything and every function in an application or a database or it can be very specific to only selected pieces of information. FERPA guidelines are crucial to determining the proper authorization for individuals. For example, a principal may be able to see an assessment report, but small cells may be masked except for the principal’s own school.


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